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Historic Places to Visit in Ethiopia

June 10, 2020
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Historic Places to Visit in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the major destinations for international tourists as the country hosts rich history, landscapes, highlands, volcanoes and deserts. It has diverse cultures full of strong religious values and has nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites. As a result, the country has continued to receive global attention where many people come to explore the fascinating experience.

To begin with, Lalibela is an eminent historical center that has 11 churches made of each insulated with solid rock. The construction of the churches dates back to the 12th Century when King Lalibela was the formidable ruler. This was caused by the fact that Ethiopia was one of the countries that Christianity was embraced in the early first half of the 4th century with historical preaching of apostles.

The monolithic churches are located 645 m from Addis Ababa and King Lalibela is credited with their construction because he had planned to construct “New Jerusalem” in the 12th century.

The churches are divided into two with some on the North of River Jordan that includes; Medhani Alem, Biete Mariam, Biete Maskal (House of the Cross), Biete Denagel and Biete Golgotha Mikael. On the other side of the south region, there Biete Lehem, Biete Gabriel Raphael, Biete Abba Libanos, Biete Qeddus Mercoreus, Biete Amanuel and Biete Ghiorgis. The churches were built with blocks that were carved to form windows, floors and roofs with a comprehensive drainage system and tunnels. The interiors of the churches are decorated with artistic mural paintings.

Awash Valley is one of the most significant palaeontological sites in the World. Also in the Awash Valley, various lakes have interconnected to create endorheic drainage basins along Oromia and Afar. It is in this valley wherein 1974, the skeleton remains of Australopithecus afarensisamong other human bones were discovered. According to archaeologists, the bone remains indicated that humans had lived at Awash Valley for the past 3.2 million years ago. The Awash River covers a distance of 1200 kilometers long. On one side the Awash passes at the Adama city occupying some parts of Awash National Park near Germama River.

Besides, the Afar and Issa tribe who stay in this valley have a rich culture and are very friendly to the tourists. It has been added as part of the historical provinces in the Kingdom of Dawaro and Shewa. Wilfred Thesiger was the first European who discovered this valley in 1933 in the city of Awash when he was following the River bank. Later he was stationed at Tadjoura near lake Abhebad.

Other archaeologists believe that it is in Ethiopia, Awash valley where the first humans started to walk upright.

The region experiences favorable climate during March. It receives rainfall of 1600mm for an approximate of six months. Moreover, the lower part of Awash valley has several African World asses which attracts a lot of tourists, not to mention the volcanoes near the Awash Rift Valley. Further, the government has also built a Koka dam that has an area of 180 square kilometers that acts as a major source of hydroelectric power. The other notable thing is the groundwater along the escapements of the valley that makes the region sustains green vegetation of nearby plantations and natural forests of Ethiopian Montane. There is also some Montane grassland and woodlands near along the valley. In summary, Ethiopia remains one of the beautiful countries in Africa that has preserved a rich history that is a major source of tourist attraction. As mentioned above, some of the wonderful sites are Lalibela City which has eleven monolithic churches built of rock. The other main attraction site is Awash Valley where the early human fossils were discovered by archeologists.

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